The development is mainly characterized by qualitative changes, the appearance of tumors, new mechanisms, new processes, new structures. The most important signs of development, it is differentiation, the early dismemberment of the former integral unit; the emergence of new parties, new elements in the development; restructuring of the relations between the parties object. There are many types of development, so it is important to find a place among them occupies the mental development of the child, i.e. to define the specific features of mental development among other development processes.
Many psychologists have studied the relationships between the thought of the child and reality, which is known as the subject. They recognized that the object exists independently of the subject. But in order to know objects, the subject must act with them and thus transform them to move, associate, combine, delete, and again to return. At all stages the development of cognition is constantly linked with the activities or operations, that is, transformations, transformations of the object.
The problem of knowledge cannot be considered separately from the problems of the development Continue reading
In the works of L. A. Wenger is devoted to the development and education of children of preschool age can find scientific justification and confirmation of how the computer can help the intellectual growth of the child.
On the display screen come to life any fantasy of a child, the heroes of books and fairy tales. But also come to life and the world, numbers and letters. Getting a computer game, they create a special world, like the real, but also different from him. Computer games are made so that the child could not imagine a single concept or a specific situation, but got a General idea about all similar situations or objects. Thus, children develop these crucial operations of thinking as a generalization and classification . which standard training begin to form from 6-7 years.
In computer games the child begins very early to understand what the items on the screen are not real things, but only the signs of these real things. In various games these signs or symbols of real objects become more complex, becoming more and more generalized and less like the surrounding real objects. Thus, children have very early starts to develop so-called symbolic function of consciousness . that is, the understanding that there are multiple levels of reality Continue reading
for anybody not a secret that our age is rapid. Perhaps that is why young parents, fearing to be late, hurry immediately after the birth of the baby to plan his future and solve the following problems: how old to sit with the child at home, whether to give him in a manger, whether to hire a nanny, what age do I have to invite specialists in early education of the child, which school to give to learn which universities will be worthy to receive the child after the end of the 11th grade. The above problems are not far-fetched, they have overcome almost all moms and dads, grandmothers and grandfathers. Solving them, it is difficult to consider many variables that make up our lives. All parents, trying to plan in advance and facilitate the child’s life, somehow believe that their child will be a genius: it will grow by leaps and bounds, possibly, will show musical ability, intellectual or artistic talent, brilliantly graduate…
However, everything in life, unfortunately, is much harder and more prosaic, and not always our dreams come true. But whatever it was, before almost all young parents face the question: to teach or not to teach the child? And most importantly, where to begin? A year, two, three?
There are many views on the problem of early child development: some experts believe that child up to 3 years no need to learn anything Continue reading