The development is mainly characterized by qualitative changes, the appearance of tumors, new mechanisms, new processes, new structures. The most important signs of development, it is differentiation, the early dismemberment of the former integral unit; the emergence of new parties, new elements in the development; restructuring of the relations between the parties object. There are many types of development, so it is important to find a place among them occupies the mental development of the child, i.e. to define the specific features of mental development among other development processes.
Many psychologists have studied the relationships between the thought of the child and reality, which is known as the subject. They recognized that the object exists independently of the subject. But in order to know objects, the subject must act with them and thus transform them to move, associate, combine, delete, and again to return. At all stages the development of cognition is constantly linked with the activities or operations, that is, transformations, transformations of the object.
The problem of knowledge cannot be considered separately from the problems of the development Continue reading
for anybody not a secret that our age is rapid. Perhaps that is why young parents, fearing to be late, hurry immediately after the birth of the baby to plan his future and solve the following problems: how old to sit with the child at home, whether to give him in a manger, whether to hire a nanny, what age do I have to invite specialists in early education of the child, which school to give to learn which universities will be worthy to receive the child after the end of the 11th grade. The above problems are not far-fetched, they have overcome almost all moms and dads, grandmothers and grandfathers. Solving them, it is difficult to consider many variables that make up our lives. All parents, trying to plan in advance and facilitate the child’s life, somehow believe that their child will be a genius: it will grow by leaps and bounds, possibly, will show musical ability, intellectual or artistic talent, brilliantly graduate…
However, everything in life, unfortunately, is much harder and more prosaic, and not always our dreams come true. But whatever it was, before almost all young parents face the question: to teach or not to teach the child? And most importantly, where to begin? A year, two, three?
There are many views on the problem of early child development: some experts believe that child up to 3 years no need to learn anything Continue reading
This kind of conflict – one of the most common in everyday life. However, it is to some extent overlooked by psychologists and educators. We do not consider the problem of the conflict of generations, which is much wider and is actively developed by sociologists. More than 700 of psycho-pedagogical work on the problem of conflict is unlikely to be typed with a dozen other publications, centred on the problem of conflicts between parents and children. She usually studied in the context of a more extensive research; family relations, age crises, the influence of marital conflict on children’s development. However, it is impossible to find such a family, where there was no conflict between parents and children. Even in wealthy families in more than 30% of the cases observed relationship conflict (from the point of view of a teenager) with both parents.
Why do conflicts arise between parents and children? In addition to the General causes of conflict relations between people, which are discussed above, highlight the psychological factors of conflicts in the interaction between parents and children.
1. The type of family relations. Emit harmonious and disharmonious types of family relationships. In a harmonious family is a sliding equilibrium, which Continue reading