The development is mainly characterized by qualitative changes, the appearance of tumors, new mechanisms, new processes, new structures. The most important signs of development, it is differentiation, the early dismemberment of the former integral unit; the emergence of new parties, new elements in the development; restructuring of the relations between the parties object. There are many types of development, so it is important to find a place among them occupies the mental development of the child, i.e. to define the specific features of mental development among other development processes.
Many psychologists have studied the relationships between the thought of the child and reality, which is known as the subject. They recognized that the object exists independently of the subject. But in order to know objects, the subject must act with them and thus transform them to move, associate, combine, delete, and again to return. At all stages the development of cognition is constantly linked with the activities or operations, that is, transformations, transformations of the object.
The problem of knowledge cannot be considered separately from the problems of the development Continue reading
In the works of L. A. Wenger is devoted to the development and education of children of preschool age can find scientific justification and confirmation of how the computer can help the intellectual growth of the child.
On the display screen come to life any fantasy of a child, the heroes of books and fairy tales. But also come to life and the world, numbers and letters. Getting a computer game, they create a special world, like the real, but also different from him. Computer games are made so that the child could not imagine a single concept or a specific situation, but got a General idea about all similar situations or objects. Thus, children develop these crucial operations of thinking as a generalization and classification . which standard training begin to form from 6-7 years.
In computer games the child begins very early to understand what the items on the screen are not real things, but only the signs of these real things. In various games these signs or symbols of real objects become more complex, becoming more and more generalized and less like the surrounding real objects. Thus, children have very early starts to develop so-called symbolic function of consciousness . that is, the understanding that there are multiple levels of reality Continue reading
It is our greatest misfortune — we look at boys as on some winding machines, which create a constant, annoying noise and it does not require any care or communication or participation from parents. In fact, at the heart of every little boy secretly lives a hero — a little Huck Finn or Tarzan that’s just waiting to show their physical strength in a fight with a powerful enemy, and to gain approval and recognition of its uniqueness.
Experiments have shown that girls and boys use completely different approaches to establishing relations with other people. Even before the moment of birth, boys are more physical activity. Already in the eighth month of pregnancy in their blood testosterone appears; from this moment begins the physiological changes that are characteristic of boys. Attention newborn girls focused on faces and sounds, newborn boys and painabove all attracted by moving objects. The speaking and listening skills develop slower in boys, but many parents notice the precision with which they imitate such sounds as the noise of the engine, — and begin to do it much sooner than trying to reproduce the words. In the process of speech development, almost all the sounds of the girls, Continue reading